Min, Max, Infimum, Supremum

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first of all you should formulate your question a little better. If you want to write formulas etc. use the $$- symbol first. Like such: $f(x) = x$.

Then we can understand what you actually want.

To your question: Define your terms:

Maximum : If a set contains an element which is bigger than all the other elements, it is called a maximum.

Minimum: ...

Supremum: Let $M$ be a set. Then $s = \sup (M)$ is a supremum if $\forall m \in M : m \leq s$. Meaning s is an upper bound of $M$. Note that Maxima and Minima are always in your set while sup and inf can be in the set but don't have to be!

Infimum: ...

So therefore, check your solution of c): You define the set as

$M:= \left\{\frac{1}{n} : n \in N\right\}$

Is there really no Infimum?

for d) to give you the idea:

You define $M:= \left\{x \in R : 0 < x^2 -1 \leq 2\right\}$. You can evaluate x like you always would and get:

$1 < x \leq \sqrt3$ and $ -\sqrt3 \leq x < 1$

Which is again equivalent to:

$(1,\sqrt3]$ and $[-\sqrt3,1)$ your set is now the union of these two so now its up to you to find minima, maxima, inf and sup!

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Updated on January 20, 2020

Comments

  • vkoukou
    vkoukou almost 4 years

    I am trying to understand the notion of minimum, maximum, infimum and supremum.

    Can you please comment on these solutions for the below examples?

    Minimum , Maximum, Infimum, Supremum :

    • a.$(0,1)$ none, none, $0$, $ 1$

    • b.$(0,+\infty)$ none, none, $0$, none

    • c.$\{1, 1/2, 1/3, ...\}$ none, $1$, none, $1$

    • d.$\{x \in \mathbb{R}; 0<(x^2)-1\leq2\}$ ???

    • e.$\{x\in \mathbb{Q}; 0<(x^2)-1\leq2\}$ ???

    • f.$\{3, 3.1, 3.14, 3.141, 3.1415,...\}$ ???

    Please help me find the methodology to solve the last $3$ examples and correct the first $3$ if there are any mistakes.

  • vkoukou
    vkoukou almost 9 years
    So c) has an infimum which is zero and d) has min, max and infimum, supremum. Thanks a lot Gustav very helpful. Sorry for the bad formatting i did not know how to write the equations.