why doesn't liquid metal vaporize in a vacuum?


In a nutshell, the bonds between Iron molecules is much stronger than between water molecules. Iron's sublimation temperature in a vacuum is (I couldn't find exactly), but around 500 degrees C on the chart (below). At 1 ATM vaporization temp is much higher, a bit over 2,500 C. It won't stay in vapor form unless the atmosphere is above a certain temperature/pressure threshold that we don't see very often. I would imagine an electron beam could vaporize Iron, but it wouldn't stay vaporized very long.

Without an Electron beam, Iron would need to be in a hot vacuum to vaporize. In our solar system, Iron would probobly have to be a little bit closer to the sun than Mercury to be at vaporization temperature.

Source, Wiki (I'm afraid). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Pure_iron_phase_diagram_%28EN%29.png


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Ed Git
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Ed Git

Updated on September 04, 2020


  • Ed Git
    Ed Git about 3 years

    I am wondering why molten metal in a vacuum of electron beam and machines never turns to gas like liquid water does when exposed to a vacuum.

    • Kyle Kanos
      Kyle Kanos over 8 years
      How does the pressure & temperature of the electron beam compare to the boiling point and/or flash evaporation pont of the two?
    • Jon Custer
      Jon Custer over 8 years
      Clearly enough is evaporating (turning into a gas) to be useful for depositing thin films.
    • Jiang-min Zhang
      Jiang-min Zhang over 8 years
      It might has some dynamic effect. But, from the equilibrium point of view, possibly the vapor pressure at that temperature is very low?